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Parnassus is considered one of the best paintings of Mantegna. The picture was admired, argued about and criticized about it. However, all the allegories and subtleties of this work could not be clarified.
It was no surprise to anyone that Mantegna decided to choose classical mythology for his canvas. Looking at the picture, the viewer immediately sees the Muses who are dancing. They are easy to recognize - there are many of them. According to legend, it was believed that the song of 9 Muses could cause cataclysms, which also include volcanic eruptions. To stop the action of songs could only hit the hoof of a horse, Pegasus. We can find him in the picture "Parnassus". It is located on the right, winged, all studded with precious stones, as if preparing to hit a hoof.
Next to the Pegasus depicted, we can find Mercury, a god who, according to the myths of antiquity, contributed to the future adultery that Venus had with Mars. Apollo helped him in this. In the picture “Parnassus” we can also see Mars and Venus - they are located at the top of the picture. The artist painted them on a stone pedestal. Nearby is a tree with fruits, which is considered a symbol of fidelity, strong love. Nearby, the artist, as if mocking, painted a bed. Hephaestus, a husband betrayed by Venus, is trying to jump out of the forge. We can find Apollo below, he holds the lyre in his hands.
In "Parnassus" Mantegna managed to combine the figures with the landscape. Rocks of rocks serve as the background on the canvas. The central arch shows us a perspective that retires to scenic spots.
Mantegna will subsequently maintain this approach to convey figures of people. They will all be stocky, with strong arms and legs.
The canvas "Parnassus" is replete with allegories, symbolism. Until now, many have not been able to unravel. The picture is interesting to researchers and their color language.
Painting Night Watch Rembrandt